Employment Tribunal fees Supreme Court ruling - Blake Turner Solicitors

Supreme Court rules Employment Tribunal fees are unlawful


In 2013 the Government introduced employment tribunal fees of up to £1200 in order to reduce the number of weak and vexatious cases brought by litigants. As a result, this has led to a 79% reduction of cases brought in the Employment Tribunal in the last three years.

The trade union, UNISON, brought a case seeking judicial review of the fees arguing that the fees prevented workers accessing justice and were therefore unlawful. The fees were originally brought in for the objective of transferring part of the cost burden from the taxpayer. Fees ranged from £390 to £1200 depending on the complexity and time spent on the issues.


The lower courts dismissed UNISON’s claim but the Supreme Court has ruled that the Government was acting unlawfully and unconstitutionally when the fees were introduced. The Government have committed to reimburse all fees if it is found they acted unlawfully. It is expected that £32m will need to be repaid to Claimants.

Fees will be stopped immediately and the process of reimbursement will begin. The taxpayer will now be forced to pick up the bill.

Discrimination cases cost more for claimants because of the complexity and the time the hearings took. The Supreme Court held that the fees were indirectly discriminatory because a higher proportion of women would bring discrimination cases.



This case has provided a fundamental change for claimants who were previously obliged to pay fees for bringing a claim against an employer. The change in law with regard to fees will now make it easier for employees to bring claims against an employer. The ruling has been described as, “a major victory for employees everywhere.” It remains to be seen whether there will be a large increase in cases brought to the Employment Tribunal but it will certainly not lead to a decrease!


IMPORTANT: This blog is only intended as a general statement of the law and no action should be taken in reliance on it without specific legal advice.


For further information on this or any other employment related matters please contact Rupert Farr on: 020 7952 6216 or rupert.farr@blaketurner.com

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